Author: rrfa

UTILITARIANISM, CONSEQUENTIALISM AND MAKING ROOM FOR SUPEREROGATION by NORA GRIGORE

download pdf Abstract. I am discussing three strategies of fitting supererogation within consequentialist frameworks, namely Slote’s (1984) and Scheffler’s (1994). My main claim is that not only the utilitarian or consequentialist framework is modified to accommodate supererogation, but also the concept of supererogation suffers transformations in the process. It is therefore questionable if the theories…

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A CRITIQUE ON MCGINN COUNTERARGUMENTS ON RUSSELL’S THEORY OF EXISTENCE by PAULA POMPILIA TOMI

Download pdf BIBLIOGRAPHY Belnap, Nuel, D., ‘Gupta’s Rule on Revision Theory of Truth’, in Journal of Philosophical logic, 11, 1982, pp.103-116 Belnap, Nuel and Gupta, Anil, The Revision Theory of Truth, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1993 McGinn, Colin, Logical Properties: Identity, Existence, Predication, Necessity, Truth, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2000, pp. 15-51 Gupta, Anil, ‘Truth and Paradox’,…

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THE NATURE OF THE STRUCTURES OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS by CĂTĂLIN BĂRBOIANU

Download pdf REFERENCES J.R.B. Arenhart, O. Bueno, “Structural Realism and the Nature of Structure”, European Journal for Philosophy of Science, (2015) 5 (1): 111-139. A. Baker, “The Indispensability Argument and Multiple Foundations for Mathematics”, Philosophical Quarterly, (2003) 53: 49-67. M. Balaguer, Platonism and Anti-Platonism in Mathematics, New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. S. Bangu, The…

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CAN POVERTY BE SUCCESSFULLY ERADICATED BY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ONLY “CAPABILITIES”? by Ingrid Niculescu

Download pdf Abstract. In this article I focus on the implications of the capability approach to eradicate poverty and eliminate inequalities between human beings. Even if the existent social problems have been debated throughout time by numerous researchers, different analyses having been made, concerning poor, vulnerable groups, and marginalized communities, we must focus on the…

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Carnapian Ontology and Why It Works by SILVIU VELICA

Download PDF Abstract. I argue that, in order to have a proper understanding of Carnap’s views on ontology in his ‘Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology’, one must take into account an assumption explicitly formulated elsewhere regarding what should be taken as ‘real’. Approached in this manner, his views are a lot more powerful than may seem…

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Rejecting Wittgenstein’s Criticism against Russell’s Theory of Knowledge by AIDA ŞMALBELGHER

Download PDF Abstract. In this paper I reject Wittgenstein’s criticism of Russell’s theory of knowledge. First, I present the historical context in which Russell formulated his theory and Wittgenstein his criticism. Then, I attempt to show that Russell’s views had the potential to develop into an important conceptual scheme relating knowledge to mental phenomena. I…

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Motivating Categories: a Side Effect of Structural Realism by ANDREI SIPOŞ

Download PDF Abstract. In this paper I discuss Jonathan Bain’s answer to the argument against radical ontic structural realism (OSR) based on the idea that a structure is an isomorphism class and thus cannot be the only thing that exists. I examine Bain’s proposal of replacing the set-theoretic approach to OSR with a categorial approach…

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Carnap Sentences and the Newman Problem – LARISA-IOANA GOGIANU

Download PDF Abstract. In this paper I discuss the Newman problem in the context of contemporary epistemic structural realism (ESR). I formulate Newman’s objection in terms that apply to today’s ESR and then evaluate a defence of ESR based on Carnap’s use of Ramsey sentences and Hilbert’s ε-operator. I show that this defence improves the…

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A Quasi-fregean Solution to ‘The Concept Horse’ Paradox by MIHAIL-PETRIŞOR IVAN

Download PDF Abstract. In this paper I offer a conceptually tighter, quasi-Fregean solution to the concept horse paradox based on the idea that the unterfallen relation is asymmetrical. The solution is conceptually tighter in the sense that it retains the Fregean principle of separating sharply between concepts and objects, it retains Frege’s conclusion that the…

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NAGELIAN REDUCTION AND COHERENCE by Philippe van BASSHUYSEN

Download PDF Author: Philippe van BASSHUYSEN Abstract : It can be argued (cf. Dizadji‑Bahmani et al. 2010) that an increase in coherence is one goal that drives reductionist enterprises. Consequently, the question if or how well this goal is achieved can serve as an epistemic criterion for evaluating both a concrete case of a purported reduction…

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